Blood Clot – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Preventive Measures
Coagulation, or blood clotting, is essential for controlling the quantity of bleeding that happens when a blood artery is injured. Your blood’s liquid component, plasma, contains platelets and proteins that work together to stop bleeding by forming a clot over the cut. Your body will frequently naturally eliminate the blood clot once the wound has healed.
When you have a blood clotting disease, your body is more susceptible than usual to form blood clots. One of these disorders can be inherited or acquired. You might not develop a harmful blood clot, such as one that results in a stroke, despite if you suffer from a blood clotting condition. Drugs can prevent excessive blood clotting.
What Exactly Is an Issue with Blood Clotting?
Once the body fails to produce enough of the proteins required to make the blood clot and stop bleeding, clotting problems take place. Clotting factors are the name for these proteins (coagulation factors). The liver is where every clotting factor is produced.
Typical blood coagulation can occasionally raise the likelihood of clotting (called thrombophilia).
However, sometimes blood clots develop within the bloodstream despite the nonexistence of any exterior wounds, and as a result, blood arteries may get clogged. Dangerous side effects like a stroke or cardiac arrest may result from this. In healthy individuals, these blood clots only very seldom happen. However, some diseases and genetic susceptibility might increase the likelihood of blood clot formation. Many individuals at increased risk for bleeding take anti-clotting medications as a preventative measure.
Is A Blood Clotting Condition Harmful and What Are Its Symptoms?
Untreated blood clotting abnormalities can be harmful, especially in the long run. Blood clots are more likely to form in people with coagulation abnormalities in their arteries (blood veins that transport blood out of the heart) and veins (blood vessels that deliver blood to your heart).
The medical name used when a blood clot forms in a vein are vein thrombosis. Leg veins are typically affected by venous thrombosis. People typically get this type of thrombosis in the limbs because they do not move around sufficiently over an extended period of time, maybe as a result of major surgery, a terrible sickness, or an injury. If an embolus (a piece of the blood clot that breaks off and plugs a blood artery in the lung) attaches to a blood clot in the legs, it might become deadly. This disorder is known medically as pulmonary embolism. Chest discomfort, bloody coughing, and acute breathing difficulties are typical symptoms of blood clotting.
Blood clots in arteries prevent normal blood flow to tissues and organs, and they may even prevent blood flow altogether. This type of thrombus typically forms inside the heart or in the coronary (cardiac) arteries. A heart attack may result from a thrombus that narrows a coronary artery. If they go to the brain and obstruct blood veins there, blood clots that form in the cardiac itself may result in a stroke.
Heart blood clot risk is increased in those with atrial fibrillation. A specific form of irregular heartbeat known as atrial fibrillation occurs when two of the chambers, known as the atria, pulse rapidly and erratically. The heart can’t pump blood as effectively and steadily as a result. Artificial heart valves also increase the likelihood of thrombus because blood platelets are more likely to stick to them and form a blood clot since their surface is less smooth than that of natural valves.
Blood clot risk can also be increased by specific drugs or conditions, including cancer or hereditary coagulation abnormalities.
Blood Clot Causes:
Numerous factors, which can slow or halt blood flow, might contribute to excessive blood clotting. Blood clots can enter the arteries or veins of the kidneys, lungs, brain, heart, and limbs, which can result in cardiac arrest, stroke, organ damage, or perhaps even death.
The most common blood clot causes include:
- Complete bed rest as a result of sickness, operation, or hospitalization.
- Continual sitting, such as in a vehicle or on an airplane.
- Utilization of birth control medication or hormonal therapy.
- Cancer treatment.
The Blood Clot Causes Due to Genetic Risk Factors:
It is less frequent and typically brought on by recessive genetic disorders when excessive blood coagulation is inherited. These flaws frequently exist in the proteins required for blood coagulation and can also exist in the compounds that prevent or disintegrate blood clots.
If you have any of the following, your risk of having a genetic reason for excessive blood clotting is higher:
- Family members with the blood clot symptoms.
- An early-in-life personal history of blood clots that have recurred.
- A history of undiagnosed miscarriages.
The Blood Clot Causes Owing to Diseases or Health Concerns:
Hypercoagulation, or excessive blood clotting, is a symptom of several illnesses and ailments. In some regions of the body, clots are more prone to develop as a result of several illnesses and ailments.
The following disorders can cause a rise in blood coagulation in the brain and heart:
- The illness known as atherosclerosis causes plaque, a greasy material, to accumulate inside your arteries. The plaque could break in the future. At the location of the injury, platelets collect to form clots.
- Vasculitis is a disorder that causes the body’s blood vessels to become inflamed. When blood arteries are injured, platelets may adhere to the affected regions and form clots.
- Diabetes raises the risk of artery plaque formation, which can result in dangerous blood clots. Nearly 80% of diabetics will ultimately pass away from the blood clot causes.
- When the heart is injured or weak, heart failure develops. Blood flow slows down whenever the heart can’t supply as much blood as the body requires, which can lead to clot formation.
- The most prevalent kind of arrhythmia, or abnormal heartbeat, is atrial fibrillation. Blood can build up in the cardiovascular system’s upper chambers due to atrial fibrillation, which increases the risk of blood clot formation.
- Being overweight obesity is defined as having a body weight over what is considered healthy. These illnesses can cause atherosclerosis, which raises the chance of blood clots.
- The risk of stroke and other conditions, such as an increased risk of blood clots, is increased by metabolic syndrome, a group of risk factors.
How Is a Disorder of Blood Clotting Treated?
Treatment for blood clotting disorders is often only necessary when a blood clot forms in an artery or vein. Anticoagulants minimize your blood’s susceptibility to clot and prevent new clots from developing.
The medicines that prevent clotting include:
- Taking a pill of warfarin.
- Heparin is a liquid pharmaceutical that you can either inject yourself with or receive via an IV in a hospital. You receive one or two daily injections of low-molecular-weight heparin. It could be taken at home.
- Injection of fondaparinux.
- Direct oral anticoagulants, including dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban.
One should evaluate the advantages and drawbacks of these drugs with your doctor. Your diagnosis and this information will be used to decide the kind of anticoagulant medicine you should take, how long you should take it, and what kind of follow-up care you require.
As with any medicine, it’s crucial to follow your doctor’s instructions for how often to have blood tests and when you should take your anticoagulant. Warfarin shouldn’t be taken if you are trying to get pregnant or are already pregnant. If you are, discuss with your physician about changing to a different anticoagulant drug, particularly in the initial month and just before giving birth.
Preventive Measures to Avoid Symptoms of Blood Clot:
You cannot stop a congenital blood clotting disease from developing if you are born with it. But that doesn’t always indicate you’ll develop a blood clot.
A blood clotting condition developed might perhaps be avoided by:
- Considering non-estrogen options to hormone replacement treatment or birth control pills.
- Maintaining an appropriate weight.
- Ensuring that you are receiving the necessary vitamins.
- Getting up and moving around, particularly on lengthy trips and following surgery.
- Be sure to stay hydrated when traveling to avoid common blood clot symptoms. Blood clots may occur as a result of dehydration.
What Is the Timeframe of Blood Clotting Disorders?
You will continue to have your blood clotting disease if you have acquired it from your parents. There may be moments in your life when an extra risk factor raises the likelihood you currently have blood clot symptoms, even though it doesn’t guarantee that you’ll get a blood clot.
Many acquired coagulation problems disappear after the trigger is resolved. For instance, when you start walking again after a lengthy flight or bed rest, your risk of clotting decreases.
The medical problem of blood clots is critical. It’s essential to be aware of the signs and get medical help right away. This blog provides you with a detailed explains how to avoid and manage blood clot symptoms and causes, medication to cure the blood clot symptoms, and preventive measures to minimize the blood clot symptoms.